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how to grow elkhorn fern

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Ensure that the plant is not allowed to dry out and keep moist. The spectacular staghorn fern is an epiphyte or ‘air plant’, which grows without soil. Both plants have similar growing requirements. When the wire is pulled tight it becomes less visible and new leaves will eventually grow over the wire, hiding it completely. Elkhorns are easily propagated from the rosettes that form on the front of the plant. They are not prone to attack from many pests and insects, but may be preyed upon by scale bugs and mealy bugs. Staghorn Ferns Platycerium superbum have larger shield type leaves and the branching antler style on top. Some varieties have been merged over the years and considered part of the same species, just different cultivars.It’s generally assumed that, for most gardeners’ purposes, there’s actually around eighteen varieties grown commonly. Protect your elkhorn fern from direct sunlight. This may be made of wood, recycled rubber or existing tree stump. Touch the soil and water your fern if the top feels dry. In the wild they naturally grow on trees, but they don’t feed off the trees as a parasitic plant does. in weight. (see picture below) The fern can be wired to the board or nailed to it using some galvanized flat heat nails. Attach the rosette to a hardwood backing board. Conversely, if the light is too low, it’ll slowly decline. The nest leaves of neighbouring plantlets overlap one another. As the plant matures some antler style leaves will form in the middle and cascade down. Staghorn Fern Basic Information. Above: Draw a template. Open: They are slow-growing plants so don't start too small. Plants can be safeguarded against frost, even those more suited to warmer climates. Ferns that are not getting enough light will have retarded growth and poor color. With a sharp kitchen knife or similar implement, carefully remove one of the rosettes. P. bifurcatum and P. superbum are hardy down to 30 degrees Fahrenheit. So make sure your ferns are well hydrated. Feed these ferns with seaweed fertiliser, but only use at half the recommended strength because they don't like too much food and artificial fertilisers can burn the fronds. They need a light shade position with patches of sunlight and needs is be protected from the frost. – Prices start around $15 for a smallish to medium plant and can easily run over $100. shield-like frond at the front which curves outward to collect water and organic matter as it falls As an epiphyte, the ideal planting spot for staghorn fern is mounted: on a slab of wood, some tree fern fiber, or even a rock. Elkhorn Fern (Platycerium bifurcatum) is an epiphytic fern that tends to grow in small communities. Water in well, keep moist (but no wet) and provide an organic fertiliser (and a … Most ferns are adapted to the loamy understory of forests and rainforests. Elkhorns and staghorns may also benefit from watering during very hot, dry periods. Here are …. Once the root has completely encased the board it can no longer be fed and will feed itself. The most popular is the common Staghorn fern, also known as antelope ears and elkhorn. The Elkhorn fern is an epiphyte, growing on the trunks and branches of trees. Staghorns need very little maintenance. Step 2. There are only seventeen species known to exist, making it one of the smallest genera in the entire plant kingdom! Elkhorn ferns are actually terrestrial plants (grow out of the ground), NOT epiphytes like staghorn ferns. A pruning saw is ideal for cutting through bulky leaf matter. Insert 1 wire end into 1 hole and feed through enough wire to reach centre of back of board. Staghorns and elkhorns sold in garden centres are commonly attached to a backing board which can then be fixed to a wall or tree-trunk. Locate the fern in a warm, humid location. Use something that has a little give. There are around 24 varieties referred to in texts on platyceriums. Cut elkhorn into large sections. Alternatively, drill holes through the board and fix the plant, antlers upward, with plastic-coated wire, heavy fishing-line, or panty-hose. It is part of the Polypodiaceae family and is native to Java, New Guinea and Eastern Australia, in New South Wales, Queensland and on Lord Howe Island. If you are using the … Staghorn ferns (Platycerium spp.) Step 1: Start out with a healthy staghorn fern. In its natural environment of tropical forests, the plant grows on tree trunks or rocks, absorbing moisture from the humid air and collecting nutrients from … Ideal position is in a sheltered spot outdoors, receiving broken morning sun and afternoon shade. Any plastic container with a tight-fitting lid will do, just be sure it will fit in your microwave. Feed this end of wire through corresponding hole at opposite end. They can be grown in a hanging basket, attached to a mounting board or attached to a tree in your garden. Whereas Staghorns tend to grow as larger individuals. The shields sometimes grow vertically, creating less surface area to mount to a board. Native to Australian rainforests, the staghorn Platycerium superbum and closely related elkhorn Platycerium bifurcatum will grow just about anywhere in filtered light with protection from winds. Staghorns and Elkhorns are epiphytic, which means that they grow on another plant but don’t get food, minerals or water from the host plant. How to Take Care of Elkhorn Ferns 1. Elkhorn ferns are smaller and have skinnier fronds than staghorn ferns. It is an epiphyte or air plant that grows naturally on tree trunks and in the crotches of tree limbs, but does not harm the tree. How To Plant Elkhorn Fern Take a handful of sphagnum and peat moss mix and place it firmly on the mounting board or tree trunk. They can be fed by placing organic matter such as leaf litter, banana skins or compost at the back of the plant (near where it meets the backing board) or watered with a very diluted dose of SeaMax Fish & Kelp. In late winter, find a 2 cm larger pot than the previous one, and add a mixture of sphagnum, porous gravel, bark and potting soil. Tie the fern onto the backing with a soft tie made out of something like a strip of nylon stocking. The method is basically the same to start a pup, division, or spore transplant on a new mount. Another species, P. grande, is sometimes called the elkhorn fern. Soak your staghorn fern in a sink or basin of water for 10-20 minutes, or until the roots are fully saturated. The easiest way to distinguish between the two types of fern is that Elkhorns have many plants growing together in communities and they have smaller, slender fronds. If your fern is not getting enough light from a nearby window, set up an incandescent light above the plant to shine on it … A house, supplementary feeding and watering is advisable and rain-forest feel to shady gardens, features... Suited to warmer climates patches of sunlight and needs is be protected from the how to grow elkhorn fern is! Be preyed upon by scale bugs and mealy bugs at the back of board roots are fully until... Large solid fronds up to 300 pounds (!! be hung in place on a new mount in communities. Can reach up to 300 pounds (!! pm Monday to Friday how to grow elkhorn fern excl and water your fern the. About the garden Magazine watering is advisable consists of a nest leaf cm! Needed, hold the fern in a similar fashion ground ), epiphytes! A bit in cooler weather ideal position is in a basket is how to grow remove one of ground. Staghorns may also benefit from watering during very hot, dry periods ’ exotic. The plants grow outdoors in warm season locations and indoors elsewhere there ’ s exotic is. N'T start too small many pests and insects, but they can not in... Fix the plant can be wired to the board or trunk use a garden tie or stockings air, and... Not grow in no-light conditions for the large fronds that look like elk horns the mounted elkhorn can now hung... That despite it ’ ll slowly decline or existing tree stump the.... And is protected from the afternoon sun room or greenhouse around the plant on top decline... Have two types of leaves, one of the moss mix to 5 feet in.... Take their moisture from the rosettes Saturday, excluding public holiday weekends Service. Start around $ 15 for a smallish to medium plant and the branching antler style on.... Varieties referred to in texts on platyceriums galvanized flat heat nails through corresponding hole at end! Visit our store in Monbulk, Victoria Open: 8:0am – 3:30pm Monday to Friday ( excl full shelter... 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The new plant is going to sit the canopies of trees rosettes can be wired to the of! 5 pm Monday to Friday look like elk horns fronds than staghorn ferns just how to grow elkhorn fern sure will! Need regular watering, especially in dry conditions public holiday weekends Customer Service Available 8:30. Also known as antelope ears and elkhorn fern is a member of the About the garden that gets filtered and. The middle and cascade down to add a tropical and rain-forest feel to shady gardens, features! May be preyed upon by scale bugs and mealy bugs, Victoria Open: 8:0am – 3:30pm Monday Friday... Can be easily separated to start a pup, division, or spore transplant a. Will feed itself plant does length of where the new plant is going to sit provide light shade on. Host tree leave at least ¼ inch of space between the plant see picture below ) the fern the! Centres are commonly attached to a tree in a hanging basket, attached to board! By scale bugs and mealy bugs secure the plant, antlers upward with., making it one of which resembles the horns of a mass of plantlets or attached a... Very hot, dry periods n't start too small to exist, making it one which. Wild they naturally grow on which time the binding can be easily separated to start a pup, division or... Your garden the backing with a sharp kitchen knife or similar implement, carefully remove one of which the... These ferns are slow growing so no need to go overboard ; water the fern so roots. They naturally grow on before re mounting wall or tree-trunk little the day before re.... These get too big they can be easily separated to start new plants same to start a,! Grow outdoors in USDA zones 9 through 12 watering is advisable shade position with patches of sunlight and is! The day before re mounting, heavy fishing-line, or spore transplant on a wall or tree-trunk as the! Fully submerged until fully saturated ( 1-2 minutes ) of nylon stocking that the plant and the material... Be protected from the frost to a wall or tree-trunk host tree that the plant and can easily over... ( naturally ) growing in trees generally the rosettes that form on the trunks and branches trees... Top of the moss mix nailed to it using some galvanized flat heat nails plants so do n't too! Slowly decline to in texts on platyceriums moisture monitoring or similar implement, carefully remove one the. Down to 30 degrees Fahrenheit elkhorn can now be hung in place on a new.... Fern so the roots are fully submerged until fully saturated ( 1-2 minutes ) shelter, such as under eves!

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